Frequently Asked Questions about IUS
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
An IUS is a small, T-shaped device that releases hormones and is inserted into the womb (uterus) by a specially trained doctor or nurse. IUS is a reversible contraceptive method. A good IUS brand to ask for is Eloira, which contains the drug Levonorgestrel (LNG) and releases a low daily dose of (LNG) work for up to 5 years.
The IUS is similar to the IUD (intrauterine device), but works in a slightly different way. Rather than releasing copper like the IUD, the IUS releases a progestogen hormone, which is similar to the natural hormone progesterone that is produced in a woman’s ovaries.
The IUS releases a progestogen hormone which thickens the mucus from the cervix (opening of the womb), making it difficult for sperm to move through and reach your egg.
Some women may experience Mild headache, Abdominal/pelvic pain, this can happen some weeks after use. Inflammation of the vagina is possible with IUS. It can cause vaginal discharge in some women.
OTHER STUFF THAT ARE NICE TO KNOW
This method of contraception may not be suitable for you if you:
Are or might be pregnant;
Have had a serious pelvic infection called pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), unless you have had a normal pregnancy after the infection went away;
Have an untreated pelvic infection now;
Can get infections easily. For example, if you have Multiple sexual partners or your partner has multiple sexual partners;
Problems with your immune system;
Have or suspect you might have cancer of the uterus or cervix;
Have bleeding from the vagina that has not been explained;
Have liver disease or a liver tumor;
Have breast cancer or any other cancer that is sensitive to progestin (a female hormone), now or in the past;
Have an intrauterine device in your uterus already;
Have a condition of the uterus that changes the shape of the uterine cavity, such as large fibroid tumors;
Are allergic to levonorgestrel.
The IUS does not protect against STIs and HIV. By using condoms as well as the IUS, you will help to protect yourself against STIs, HIV and unwanted pregnancy.
The IUS can be pushed out by your uterus (expulsion) or it can move (displacement).This is not common and is more likely to happen soon after it has been put in and you may not know it has happened. This is why your doctor or nurse will show you how to check your IUS threads every month.
Your partner shouldn’t be able to feel your IUS during sex. If he can feel the threads, get your doctor or clinician to check that your IUS is in place.
Eloira is one of the most effective birth control options. However, One risk of becoming pregnant while using Eloira is called ectopic pregnancy. This means that the pregnancy is not in the uterus. It may occur in the fallopian tubes. Signs of ectopic pregnancy may include unusual vaginal bleeding or abdominal pain. Ectopic pregnancy is an emergency that requires immediate medical attention and often requires surgery. So it is important to call your healthcare provider right away if you think that you’re pregnant.